The issues of teacher working overtime have been widely discussed and become a worldwide phenomenon. In Taiwan, the conditions of teacher working overtime have increasing gradually, since teachers are responsible for both teaching and administrative work simultaneously. Indeed, the problems of working overtime not only negatively influence teachers’ well-being and job satisfaction, but also ultimately deteriorate the teaching quality. This research aims to investigate the conditions of teachers working overtime and their impact on teacher commitment.
A self-developed questionnaire was adopted as the major research instrument consisting of three sections. The first section aimed to elicit participants’ demographic information. The second section was designed to analyze the number of teachers’ weekly extra working hour. The third section focused on teacher commitment by using 5-point Likert scale. Questionnaires were delivered to 60 primary school teachers, with the return rate of 96.7%.
Several valuable results were revealed through this research. First, the average of primary teachers’ extra working hours is above 10 implying teachers in Taiwan have to work nearly 20% hours more than its statuary working time. Especially, teachers spend the most extra time on preparing lessons and dealing with administrative work respectively, both accounted for more than 2.5 hours weekly. Second, the average scores of organizational and professional commitment ranged from 3.5 to 4.5 out of 5, closing to the option of “partly agree”. Third, extra working hours of marking homework have a significant negative impact on professional commitment. These results were highlighted and discussed further in this study.
Chia-Lin Tsai, Nei-Hu Elementary School, Taiwan
About the Presenter(s)
Chia-Lin Tsai is a teacher of elementary school in rural area. She graduated from National Chiayi University and majored in educational administration and policy development.
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See this presentation on the full schedule – Sunday Schedule