Relationship Between Lifestyle Behaviors, Health Promotion Behaviors, Depressive Symptoms, and Possible Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study (69020)

Session Information:

Friday, 31 March 2023 15:45
Session: Poster
Room: Orion Hall
Presentation Type:Poster Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Background: Sarcopenia is defined as an age-related progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass. With the global aging tendency of the world’s population, sarcopenia has become a worldwide issue. Identifying potential peoples of sarcopenia is valuable. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between lifestyle behaviors, health promotion behaviors, depressive symptoms, and possible sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults.
Methods: A cross‐sectional study design was used. The subjects were adults 60 years old and older living in northern Taiwan. Data on demographics, lifestyle behaviors,
health promotion behaviors, depressive symptoms, and sarcopenia conditions were collected from August 2020 to July 2022. The descriptive statistics, chi-square tests,
independent t-tests, and logistic regression analyses were analyzed with SPSS version 27.0.
Results: In total, 376 cases were collected. The average age was 70.49 years old. The prevalence of sarcopenia, and possible sarcopenia were 7.4% and 18.9%, respectively. Individuals who were older (Odds ratio [OR] = 1.17, p <.001), lack of resistance exercise training (OR= 1.79, p <.05), less of protein (OR= 0.89, p <.05) or diary intake (OR= 0.83, p <.05), lower scores for community participation (OR= 0.56, p <.05), with depressive symptoms, (OR= 0.46, p <.05), and higher fasting blood sugar (OR= 0.48, p <.05) were more prone to possible sarcopenia. Conclusions: Community health nurses can use simple sarcopenia screening tools in the community to find possible sarcopenia individuals. We recommend adding resistance exercise training and protein intake dietary intervention to prevent a sarcopenia pandemic for community-dwelling older adults in future. Authors:
Shu-Hung Chang, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

About the Presenter(s)
Dr. Shuhung Chang is a professor of Chang Gung University of Science and Technology in Taiwan. She has her expertise in evaluation and passion in improving the health promotion programs in community-dwelling older adults.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00