Confidence and Meta-Accuracy of Cross-Cultural Personality Judgments (68944)

Session Information: Communication & Psychology
Session Chair: Davide Cannata

Sunday, 2 April 2023 14:00
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 703
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Humans use nonverbal information to make quick judgments about others’ dispositions (Breil et al., 2021; Cannata et al., 2022). Interpersonal judgments of personality are known to be to some extent accurate (Ambady et al., 1995; Connelly & Ones, 2010). However, some factors related to the target and the judge, such as their cultural similarity (Funder, 2012; Letzring, 2010) moderate the accuracy of these judgments. An understudied aspect of personality judgments relates to how confident judges are about the accuracy of their guesses (Gill et al., 1998; Praetorius et al., 2013). Based on previous literature on confidence, we identify three factors likely to influence confidence ratings: a. Amount of information, which we operationalised as targets’ expressiveness; b. Familiarity with the targets in terms of ethnicity and cultural background; c. Task fluency (which we operationalised as reaction time). Furthermore, we aimed to measure the meta-accuracy of personality judgments, which indicates if people are more accurate in recognising personality when their confidence is higher (Petty et al., 2007). Previous research suggests in the similar domain of face recognition indicates that people are not good at interpersonal meta-accuracy (Ames et al., 2010). We aim to replicate the findings in a cross-cultural context. The research will use data (at the collection stage) from 70+ Italian and 70+ Chinese participants judging 30 seconds muted videos of 50 Chinese and 50 Italian targets. We will use two multi-level models to test our hypothesis about confidence and meta-accuracy. We discuss the practical and theoretical implications of the findings.

Davide Cannata, University of Galway, Ireland
Denis O'Hora, University of Galway, Ireland
Haojiang Ying, University of Soochow, China
Luca Fusco, University of Napoli Parthenope, Italy

About the Presenter(s)
Dr. Cannata is expert in candidates assessment and personality judgments. His academic work with the University of Galway, is focused on first impression personality judgments across cultures. He is the head of research at the Human Edge.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00