The Scale of Causal Attribution for Success and Failure Among University Students: Factorial Structure and Differential Items Functioning (67351)

Session Information: Psychology and Education
Session Chair: Yousef Abu Shindi

Saturday, 1 April 2023 12:15
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 705
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

The causal attribution for success and failure affects the future behavior of students. Success increase student motivation. Failure leads to a decrease in self-esteem. Each of the types of causal attribution for success (internal and external) has a different effect on the student’s behavior, as well as the types of causal attribution to failure (stable, unstable). Providing a reliable and appropriate causal attribution scale for the Omani environment may encourage researchers to conduct further studies and research to measure this characteristic, predict its behavior, and thus control it. Therefore, this study came to examine the structure of the Lefcort causal attribution scale in the Omani environment, as well as to examine the differential performance of its items for two variables: gender of the student, and academic level. The adapted version for university students in Jordan (Ghobari et al., 2012), which consists of 24 items, was applied to a sample of 246 male and female students from Sultan Qaboos University (Sultanate of Oman), and then confirmatory factor analysis was used to check the suitability of the data to the factorial scale structure, and Mantel-Hanzel method was used to detect differential performance of items. The results found, through the CFA indicators, that the data fit the scale version after deleting two items due to the low standard regression. The results also showed a differential functioning for item 24 for the gender variable, and items: 13, 21, 23 for the academic level variable. The study concluded a version of the scale suitable for the Omani environment consisting of 22 items.

Yousef Abu Shindi, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Hussain Ali Alkharusi, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Ali Mahdi Kazem, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Muna Abdullah AlBahrani, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Rashid Sulaiman Al-Fahdi, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Aieman Ahmad Al-Omari, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Khamis Sulaiman Al-Abri, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

About the Presenter(s)
Dr Yousef Abu Shindi is a University Associate Professor/Senior Lecturer at sultan qaboos university in Oman

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00